If the lumber is quartersawn, blackgum exhibits a very attractive figure. It offers an impressive scarlet fall color and lacks the spiny balls of the unrelated sweet gum. The wood, which is mostly heartwood, is grayish brown to a light brown with hints of yellow at times. Loading ... Fiskars X15 ax for splitting and chopping wood. Yet, our enterprising forebears did find use for the wood. Blackgum has a dry specific gravity (SG) of 0.52 (which means it is roughly half as dense or heavy as water). 'dimension2': 'Wood Explorer', You can beat them and they just do not bust. 'dimension3': 'undefined', 'dimension4': 'Blackgum', The following are some black gum or sour gum tree facts: This is the longest-lived species of hardwood found to thrive in the eastern United States that grows at very low densities. Throughout the swamps of the South grows a good-sized tree that even the pioneers who made extensive use of wood, left alone. They will rot out if not all heart wood but last longer than most other woods. Black Gum Tree Comments. Here is some detailed information on gum trees. Pruning of lower branches is common as they droop when tree is 10 + years of age. These extractives can also cause staining on painted surfaces exposed to the weather. The wood can be readily pulped and is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. View Profile. Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. Branwin. The only problem that most people have with the wood is that it takes an incredible amount of … The tree grows throughout the eastern states, from Maine to Texas. Black Gum grow to 50' in height and a spread of 30'. The wood of a tupelo is used for mauls, pulleys and woodenware. Once dried, the wood does move slightly if there are large RH changes or if the MC is not matched to the environment’s EMC conditions. Black gum heartwood often rots, creating dens for wildlife, including black bears. If over-dried, the wood appears to be quite brittle. Today, in spite of the fact that this is not an outstanding, beautiful appearing species, it still is widely used for furniture, cabinets, caskets, and railroad ties. Comparative oak values are 14,300 psi, 1.82 million psi, and 1290 pounds. Deliveries can be made which will include an extra fee based on the location. Skip to primary navigation; ... Wood: The wood is pale yellow-colored, very heavy, strong, and hard. Distribution: Eastern North America. Seller Stats. The fact was, that once down, a black gum log was nearly impossible to split with tools at hand. Dead, hollow trees were dropped, then sawn into short sections. gtag('config', 'UA-1658554-11', { gtag('js', new Date()); Yet, our enterprising forebears did find use for the wood. In the past, blackgum was used for oxen yokes and chopping bowls due to the toughness resulting from the interlocked grain. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that's known for its colorful foliage. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to orange, often downy. The national champion black gum (67 feet) is in New Jersey. Black Gum Tree Rymer Removal. The weight, when dry, is 32 pounds per cubic foot or about 2.6 pounds per board foot. Share your thoughts with us in the comments below. Fitted with flat wooden tops, they became hives for honey bees or holding pens for chickens and ducks. The small blue berries can be a nuisance as they attract birds. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Hardness ratings help you choose the right species. The wood is odorless. In fact, the genus Nyssa is the name of a water nymph. Grain and color. It is very high in fructose sugar. Because of its twisted grain, black gum cannot be split so it has been somewhat spared by lumbermen. This wood machines moderately well, with some chipped grain due to the interlocked grain. A large, old growth tree could be worth a million dollars, but the last of these was probably cut down more than 50 years ago. Calculating The Value Of A Woodlot. For dry wood, the ultimate strength (MOR) is 9,600 psi, stiffness (MOE) is 1.20 million psi and hardness is 810 pounds. Unlike most trees, the tupelo trees are either male or female, with flowers being abundant on the female trees. He is extension specialist emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. Because the tree dies from the top down, demised branches and trunk pieces easily break off, in effect shortening the tree year by year. 'dimension8': '221558', Silver Dollar Gum Tree, native to south eastern Australia. Black Gum Tree has strikingly brilliant red to deep purple foliage in the fall. The wood itself is characterized by interlocked grain (the grain swirls every which way), which leads to warp when drying, warping in use when the MC changes, and difficulty when machining. Sharp tools are essential.This wood glues without much difficulty if surfaces are perfectly flat. Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. Pre-boring holes for nails and screws can be helpful. Tupelo, Miss., (Elvis’ birthplace) was named after this tree. The high extractives of mature wood can cause problems with some adhesives, but this is much less of an issue with young regrowth wood. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; Spotted Gum Tree, has lemon scented leaves and spotted bark Gum Tree. jQuery.extend(Drupal.settings, {"basePath":"\/","pathPrefix":"","ajaxPageState":{"theme":"vance_woodworkingnetwork","theme_token":"1Q71LhUPU8Ob64nSqmc1aZnqGurRcYnILz_snEX4m14","js":{"0":1,"1":1,"2":1,"\/\/ajax.googleapis.com\/ajax\/libs\/jquery\/1.8.3\/jquery.min.js":1,"3":1,"misc\/jquery-extend-3.4.0.js":1,"misc\/jquery-html-prefilter-3.5.0-backport.js":1,"misc\/jquery.once.js":1,"4":1,"5":1,"6":1,"7":1,"misc\/drupal.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_more\/js\/vance_more_load_more.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/apachesolr_sort\/apachesolr_sort.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/javascripts\/jquery.formalize.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_video_players\/js\/vancePlayer.js":1,"https:\/\/jwpsrv.com\/library\/sGZ9VMDuEeOH7SIACi0I_Q.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/patched\/disqus\/disqus.js":1,"8":1,"https:\/\/apis.google.com\/js\/plusone.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/picturefill.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/imagesLoaded\/imagesloaded.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/masonry\/dist\/masonry.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/jquery.simplemodal.1.4.4.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/javascripts\/bootstrap\/tab.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/modernizr.custom.71422.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/flexibility.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/base.js":1,"9":1},"css":{"modules\/system\/system.base.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.menus.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.messages.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.theme.css":1,"modules\/comment\/comment.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_api\/date.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_popup\/themes\/datepicker.1.7.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_repeat_field\/date_repeat_field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/domain\/domain_nav\/domain_nav.css":1,"modules\/field\/theme\/field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/stylesheets\/formalize.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/logintoboggan\/logintoboggan.css":1,"modules\/node\/node.css":1,"modules\/poll\/poll.css":1,"modules\/search\/search.css":1,"modules\/user\/user.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/views\/css\/views.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/ctools\/css\/ctools.css":1,"http:\/\/cf.kampyle.com\/k_button.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_listings\/css\/vance_listings.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/styles\/stylesheets\/print.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/stylesheets\/bootstrap.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/vance_woodworkingnetwork\/styles\/stylesheets\/woodworkingnetwork-modules.css":1,"https:\/\/fonts.googleapis.com\/css?family=Crimson+Text:400,600,700":1}},"urlIsAjaxTrusted":{"\/wood\/wood-explorer\/blackgum":true},"disqus":{"domain":"woodworkingnetwork","url":"https:\/\/www.woodworkingnetwork.com\/wood\/wood-explorer\/blackgum","title":"Blackgum","identifier":"node\/221558","token":"427fb33defc46d92a612402501510b7e","callbacks":{"onNewComment":["Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor","Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor"]}}}); Blackgum, also called black tupelo, tupelo gum, or just tupelo, is a tree that loves to grow in water and water-soaked soils. While cedar, cypress, oak, and pine fell before the ax and were split for fence rails, shingles, clapboards, and other essentials, the black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) was shunned. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Have something to say? The wood dries with considerable difficulty due to warp, especially twisting. However, when the tree is bacterially infected, the wood sawn from such a tree will have a putrid odor that can persist and is noticeable (and objectionable) in dry wood products especially when the humidity is high. //--> Black Gum will grow in wet soil. WORKING PROPERTIES The wood is easy to work, with both hand and machine tools. Processing suggestions and characteristics. The common names of this tree are a bit of a puzzle because it’s extremely dry-wooded and doesn’t produce sap, which is required to produce a "gum." Most of the side wood goes for pallet stock. 'dimension9': '221558' Honey from water tupelo is thought to be the best honey in the world. Black Gum wood possesses an interlocked grain; so that, much like sycamore, it just about can't be split, not even with wedges. Black gum is one of the best honey-producing trees in the world. River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) is an iconic Australian tree, yielding an equally iconic Australian timber.The timber has a reputation for durability, strength and its distinctive red colouring. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. Strength. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree, usually maturing at a height between 66 and 82 feet. - Duration: ... Health benefits of mulberry tree … ]]> Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known as blackbutt, is a species of medium-sized to tall tree that is endemic to eastern Australia. These hollow trees become home to animals, many uses for … The black gum — also called black tupelo or sour gum — is a native tree found throughout eastern North America, from Southern Ontario and Maine all the way to Florida and Texas. And while modern tools and cutting edges can surmount this obstacle, even the sharpest ax and the most expertly wielded froe of yesteryear made little headway splitting it. © 2021 Meredith Corporation. Whitetail deer will browse young black gum shoots. It also makes good hubs for wagons. The deciduous tree has its best showing in early fall with brilliant foliage. It likes to associate with cypress and the like, as it primarily dwells where moist conditions can be found. All Rights Reserved. Danny shows you what a black gum tree looks like, talks about its uses, and benefits of having it on your property. The finished surface is smooth, but without natural luster. The resilient wood is good for making tool handles. Carvers of duck decays also appreciate this wood. Growth rate is slow to medium.Wildlife: Many species of birds and wildlife eat the fruit, and bees use the nectar to make honey. Its wood is a light cream color with some dark blotching. Well as for ornamental purposes sharp tools are essential.This wood glues without much difficulty if surfaces perfectly... Can easily identify a black gum grow to 50 ' in height and a spread of '... Is used for lumber and furniture production, as it primarily dwells where moist conditions can be.! ( 67 feet ) is in New Jersey in-use if the MC changes and the like, talks about uses... Hints of yellow at times grow to 50 ' in height and a spread of 30.... Ornamental purposes pulp, tool handles, gunstocks, docks, and hard about. Diameter and 80 feet tall related content, subscribe to our newsletter most trees, the genus Nyssa is name... 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