Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park is open every day from 8:00am until sunset. San Marcos de Apalache • Grayton Beach • President Harry S. Truman used it for his Winter White House for 175 days in 11 visits. Washington Oaks State Gardens, Deer Lake • Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock • Location Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park 601 Howard England Way Key West, FL 33040 More Information: Kevin Bowes, kevin.bowes@dep.state.fl.us (305) 292-6850 John D. MacArthur Beach • May 31, 1973. Fort Zachary Taylor is one of the most history-filled places in South Florida. Hal Scott • Fort Taylor was not the site of any significant battles in the American Civil War and was under Union control. Waccasassa Bay • Cedar Key Scrub • The fort is today a National Historic Landmark because of its role in the Civil War and has what is considered to be the largest collection of Civil War cannons in the United States. The then-former Naval Station served as the landing point for many during the 1980 Mariel boatlift of Cuban refugees. Honeymoon Island • Madira Bickel Mound • Seabranch • The Annex was originally called the "Fort Zachary Taylor Annex" and it included a submarine base. Falling Waters • The canons not only guarded the captured ships and blocked cargo ships, but also kept Key West from being invaded by Confederate navy. Etoniah Creek • The fort is named for President Zachary Taylor, and construction began in 1845. The Fort Zachary Taylor Historic Park is a great site for history buffs, beach lovers, and more. Faver-Dykes • Peacock Springs • Lake Wales Ridge • Key West, FL 33040 . Tiger Bay • Most of the buildings in the Annex were sold to private developers although there's a museum for the Truman White House and the Navy continues to own and maintain the piers and a portion of the Naval Station property to the south of Fort Taylor, primarily in support of Joint Interagency Task Force - East and the Naval Security Group Activity. Big Talbot Island • He first began to pull together a museum in 1972 to showcase the various Civil War artifacts that the ongoing excavations at the Fort were uncovering. Today, one of the last vestiges of this time still stands as tribute to the brave soldiers who fought here. In fact, Fort Zachary Taylor held the largest collection of Civil War-era cannons in the United States." Withlacoochee, Belmore • Dudley Farm • River Bluff Picnic Site • Fort Floyd – A U.S. Army post established in 1838 during the Second Seminole War by Colonel Zachary Taylor in Okeechobee County, Florida. Fakahatchee Strand • It was abandoned later in 1838. The current form of the fort is largely due to ever changing military needs. Ponce de Leon Springs • On the third weekend (Saturday and Sunday) of each of month, Fort Taylor Living History Weekend offers you the opportunity to experience life in the fort as it was during the Civil War. Highlands Hammock • Civil War reenactments are held every third weekend of the month at The Fort Zachary Taylor Historic Park. Wakulla • Fort Taylor, the nation's southernmost Civil War era fortress, was part of the Third Tier System of Defense Fortifications plan. Homosassa Springs Wildlife • It was possibly named for General Charles R. Floyd who commanded the Georgia Volunteers in south Florida. Grassy Lake • Biscayne National Park • Suwannee River • Pine Log • The range was three miles. John Gorrie State Museum • Watson Island • Little Big Econ • Oleta River • Fort Zachary Taylor and the US Civil War. Stump Pass Beach • Fort Pierce Inlet • Weeki Wachee Springs • Ichetucknee Springs • Gamble Rogers Memorial • He placed his first exhibits in the magazine level of Battery Osceola. Ralph E. Simmons Memorial • Osceola, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary • Little Talbot Island • Lake Louisa • he:מצודת זכארי טיילור. Built when our nation was still young - and particularly susceptible to attack - Fort Zachary was the first line of defense for adversaries attempting to strike from Florida’s southern coast. The Fort Zachary Taylor State Historic Site, better known simply as Fort Taylor, (or Fort Zach to locals), is a Florida State Park and National Historic Landmark centered on a Civil War-era fort located near the southern tip of Key West, Florida. St. Andrews • Lovers Key / Carl E. Johnson • But it’s the Civil War-era fort itself, once nicknamed “Fort Forgotten,” that really makes the park unique. Econfina River • Alafia River • O'Leno • Physical Address: 601 Howard England Way. The sanitary facilities, however, did not work as well in practice as in theory. Yellow fever, shortages of material and men, remoteness, and hurricanes had slowed down progress. Guana River • Long Key • Eden Gardens • Fort Zachary Taylor served through the war as a base from which to blockade southern ports. PO Box 6560, Key West, Florida 33041 . Today, Fort Taylor is part of a Florida State Park, with ranger guided tours of the fort available daily at noon and 2:00pm. Bulow Plantation Ruins • Fort Zachary Taylor State Park. Outside view of Fort Zachary Taylor, showing the moat. John U. Lloyd Beach • Egmont Key • Henderson Beach • Elected on the ticket of the Whig Party as a hero of the Mexican-American War (1846–48), he died only 16 months after taking office. Goethe • The fort … The fort was named for United States President Zachary Taylor in 1850, a few months after President Taylor's sudden death in office. Yellow River Marsh, Gainesville-Hawthorne • Fort Clinch • Hontoon Island • The fort originally held 140 cannons on three levels. Construction of the fort began in 1845 as part of a mid-1800s plan to defend the southeast coast through a series of forts. Lake George • Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park: A Unique Civil War Experience - See 6,703 traveler reviews, 3,930 candid photos, and great deals for Key West, FL, at Tripadvisor. Fort Matanzas National Monument • Blackwater River • Gamble Plantation • The fort originally included two casemate tiers topped by a barbette (three stories). Estero Bay • Tarkiln Bayou • John Pennekamp Coral Reef • For example, in 1889 the top level of the fort was cut down to make room for new weapons. Delnor-Wiggins Pass • Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve • Wekiwa Springs • Rainbow Springs • Big Shoals Public Lands • Fort Foster • DeSoto Site • Seminole • Choctawhatchee • Bill Baggs Cape Florida • River Rise • Devil's Millhopper • Ybor City Museum • Lake Griffin • Fred Gannon Rocky Bayou • Constitution Convention Museum • Two Martello Towers (thick, squat fortifications mostly used by Great Britain) were built on Key West during the war as armories and outer batteries to support Fort Zachary Taylor: These were connected to the larger fort by railroad tracks. Museum For over 30 years, Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park was the home to the museum built by Howard England. Okaloacoochee Slough • Crystal River • At one point in 1863, the Commander of Fort Zachary was losing around 15 men a day to the disease. Lake Kissimmee • Canaveral National Seashore • Werner-Boyce Salt Springs, Allen David Broussard Catfish Creek • Their main function was to block ships carrying supplies to the Confederate areas of the country. Ravine Gardens • The fort was also used in the Spanish-American war before eventually being turned over to … Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Homestead • Yellow fever epidemics and material shortages slowed construction of the fort, which continued throughout the 1850s. Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected President. The Fort Zachary Taylor Historic Park touts Key West's favorite beach and is home to the largest collection of Civil War military memorabilia. The Barnacle • Gulf Islands National Seashore • North Peninsula • In 1968 volunteers led by Howard S. England excavated Civil War guns and ammunition buried in long-abandoned parts of the fort, which was soon discovered to house the nation's largest collection of Civil War cannons. Mike Roess Gold Head Branch • Koreshan • The facilities were impressive for the time, too: a desalinization plant and tide-flushed toilets. Troy Springs • Natural Bridge Battlefield • Guana Tolomato Matanzas National Estuarine Research Reserve • Fort Taylor served as headquarters for the Union Navy East Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron and guarded some 300 captured vessels anchored in front of the fort. Florida seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America in 1861, leaving Fort Zachary Taylor in hostile territory as the Civil War began to convene. Lake June in Winter Scrub • Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center • De Leon Springs • San Felasco Hammock • The canons of the fort basically guarded captured ships that were kept at dock in Key West Harbor. 601 Howard England Way Key West, FL 33040 Phone: 305-292-6713 Official Florida State Park website. Fort Zachary Taylor, in Key West, Florida has provided harbor defense in four wars: The Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II. Rock Springs Run • Florida Caverns • Construction on Fort Taylor started in the mid-1840s and by the time of the Civil War the fort was still under construction. Lignumvitae Key • Crystal River • Throughout these years, the fort was reconfigured to keep up with the times and new artillery types. Google Map. Madison Blue Springs • The fort was heavily used again during the 1898 Spanish-American War. In 1861, as Florida prepared to leave the Union, Federal artillery … Aerial view showing fort, picnic area and beach. Explore wooded trails, bike the shaded paths, or take a narrated tour of Fort Zachary Taylor and see Civil War cannons. Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Amelia Island • After the Civil War, Fort Zachary continued to serve the country in later wars, including the Spanish American War, World War I and even World War II. Fort Zachary Taylor Historical State Park, Top tourist attractions 2018 (Florida Keys), Vital Tips For Every Female Solo Traveler. Savannas • Navarre Beach • Don Pedro Island • Bald Point • Lake Talquin • Beach Rentals and Café: For information about activities, rental equipment, and the Cayo Hueso Café please call 305-295-0037. Our goal is to once again provide a historical accounting of Fort Taylor’s history and its valuable “treasures.” England Historical Enterprises LLC is a proud supporter of Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park and the legacy of Howard England and is responsible for this site. Fort Taylor had 198 canons and lots and lots of ammunition. You can read more about the park’s history on the official website. Manatee Springs • Their main function was to block ships carrying supplies to the Confederate areas of the country. In 1968, excavations produced the nation’s largest collection of Civil War cannons and Fort Zachary Taylor was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973. Hugh Taylor Birch • Holopaw • Big Lagoon • Letchworth Mounds • Fanning Springs • Avalon • Lake Manatee • Grant began his military career as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1839. The Fort's land that is closer to downtown Key West became part of the Truman Annex to Naval Station Key West, which is about three miles to the northwest. Myakka River • Dunns Creek • Orman House • While the upper tiers were removed in 1898 the fort remains an impressive, if not imposing structure. Indian Key • Fort George Island • Fort Zachary Taylor • Dead Lakes • St. Joseph Peninsula • The park is located at the end of Southard Street in Truman Annex. Topsail Hill • Bulow Creek • Fort Taylor was therefore placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971, and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973. Everglades National Park, Castillo de San Marcos National Monument • Twin Rivers • Little Manatee River • Cary • Windley Key Fossil Reef, Alfred B. Maclay Gardens • Paynes Creek • George Crady Bridge Fishing Pier • Curry Hammock • But, did you know there is a Civil War Fort in the Park? The Secret Service had a private beach built on the land for the president's security, but he reportedly only visited it once, preferring the public beaches. On the weekend preceding Halloween, it is transformed into a haunted fort, much like a haunted house but on a grand scale and with a distinctive Civil War theme. 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